Helichrysum sanguineum These flower in late spring in our area. It's common all over the Levant. The Jews call it "Dam HaMaccabim ("Blood of the Maccabees") and Arabs, according to Wikipedia, call it "Dam al-Massiah" - Blood of the Messiah. It's a protected plant in Israel and the Palestinian Authority.
In recent weeks, criticism against the Modi government's handling of the coronavirus pandemic has been intensifying on social media, as users post images of bodies lying in morgues and burning in outdoor crematoriums.
as long as others are experiencing horrors on the scale of India, consciences everywhere will be troubled.
India missed the opportunity to reign in COVID, lulled by a false sense of security. Modi originally promised to vaccinate 100 million Indians by summer*, and could have done so - though maybe it's because they were busy exporting the vaccine to other countries. In general, as the world knew that vaccines were on the horizon, which was something like a year ago, there should have been a huge effort to build factories and an efficient supply chain. That would have been cheaper than all the economic stimulus packages and all the rest. * Fact check: in January India promised to vaccinate 300 million by summer. By April 29, it had administered at least 138 million doses.
The mood a year later is very different, despite a brutal surge in coronavirus cases that is threatening the economic recovery. India's startup community has found itself in an unprecedented funding bonanza.
a “present-day reality of a single authority, the Israeli government … methodologically privileging Jewish Israelis while repressing Palestinians, most severely in the occupied territory.
And it's much worse than what South Africans called “apartheid”, as Desmond Tutu and others have said. But Israel's increasingly right wing government is always going to deny that. Israelis have become conditioned to regard their situation as an existential struggle. The agenda of expropriation and replacement of Palestinians is long-term, persistent and ongoing, and it doesn't matter whether Palestinians are quiescent or violent. International pressure only manages to slow the process, but never to actually change anything.
What makes this report significant for HRW is that it “connects the dots” between Israel’s varying policies to show that they are driven by “one system, one policy, and one intent” to secure the permanent rule of one group over another.
“Policymakers must now shift their focus away from securing a political solution that might herald peace, and instead fight back against a trajectory of expanding Israeli territorial consolidation and Palestinian dispossession in the entirety of the land,” he said.
A 2030 target would be a milestone on the way to achieving President Joe Biden’s stated ambition of net zero carbon emissions in the grid by 2035. It could also potentially be passed without Republican support through a process called budget reconciliation.
Last week we were up in Galilee. My wife was there over the weekend for a mindfulness retreat, so we decided to go up a couple of days early, to take advantage of the holiday; I returned home when her retreat started.
We arrived on Wednesday and started with a visit to the archeological park at Tsipori, which has had many historical names: Σέπφωρις, Sépphōris; صفورية, Διοκαισάρεια) , le Saforie, from the Canaanite period till today. During the Roman period it was the most important town in the province. There are rich remains of houses, streets, a Roman theatre, a water system that brought water from afar, and many ornate mosaic floors. Some of those tell stories, such as of the Nile or from mythology; others have geometric designs. There is one mosaic in particular that stands out among all these for its astonishingly life-like portrait of a woman.
D. today had a visit from two Palestinian friends from nearby Ramle. When she told them we had visited Tsipori, they told her they knew that the story of the ethnic cleansing of Saffouriya was particularly awful; that the residents had been forced to walk towards Nazareth on foot, and many were shot at on the way. I was not able to find this story, so far, but palestineremembered.com has quite a lot about the village with a pre-1948 population of 5,000. It seems that the majority of the descendants live today in the Ain al-Hilwa refugee camp in Lebanon, whereas some 10,000 live in Nazareth. There's a poignant story by a former resident.
In the evening, which was the eve of Independence Day, we went into Nazareth, where there were, assuredly, no firework displays, flags, or even any Jewish visitors. We walked around a bit, then stopped at Mahroum's cafe for some wonderful knafeh and baklowa. Nazareth is famous for its sweets. It was the second evening of Ramadan, and in the square opposite there was a public prayer. Many of the streets and houses were decked out for the holy month.
Also in Tabash, the Bedouin village where we were staying, there was lots of evidence of Ramadan; from lights to fire crackers to the calls of the muezzin. We stayed at a camp lodge run by a Jewish couple. Our accommodations were an old (1937) British rail car from the Haifa - Beirut line. It was well furnished and air-conditioned, with a bathroom and balcony added on.
On the following day, we had a walk in the nearby wadi, visiting its springs. Due to the holiday, we were not alone there, but we got started early enough to avoid the worst of the crowds.
Somewhere, somebody mentioned this series of three BBC documentaries on the Ganges River, so I found these in the torrents and we watched them. I wasn't previously familiar with this TV personality, who is surely well-known to all Brits. I enjoyed her flamboyant style and articulacy. It would be hard not to like her. In the series, she travels downriver from Gangotri and Mukhba, through Rishikesh and Hardwar, to Varanasi and Patna, and on through Kolkata and the Sunderbans, ending in Gangasagar during the Makar Sankranti festival. She manages to meet many amazing people along the way, and introduces them with a mixture of sensitivity and, sometimes, mocking, tongue in cheek camaraderie, though she always leaves a positive impression of those she meets; among these, Ramdev (the ayurvedic products tycoon), Puja Swami Chidananda of Parmarth Ashram, Prof. Veer Bhadra Mishra in Varanasi, and activists for women's rights, education and the environment.
It's just over a year since I closed my Amazon account, in protest over its conditions for workers. I was never a prolific shopper, but I'm glad I closed that account. Companies like Amazon deserve to be boycotted.
“Pre-colonial identities were fuzzy, unclear,” says Qasmi. “People used to negotiate with multiple identities and movements. So there was no contradiction in a Hindu visiting a Muslim shrine or vice versa. The Hindu/Muslim, as we understand them today, was yet to be crystallised. Things began to change with the colonial state, with the arrival of modernity.
“Modernity doesn’t like this fuzziness. Identities needed to be indexed, clearly defined. They had to be determinable. People were pigeonholed according to the preconceived notions of the officers of the colonial state."
In the Indian subcontinent, Islam and Hinduism (as well as various other religions) existed together for many centuries, long-enough that ordinary people managed to overcome their differences (if they ever really had any). Saints and holymen (of which Kabir is probably the most famous example) were loved by Hindus and Muslims alike, and both would flock to their tombs. The British, with their divide-and-rule policies, and then weaponized modern forms of Islam and Hindutwa, intervened to spoil intercommunal harmony. Traditions of what this article calls religious syncretism and fluidity , that were gradually built over centuries, were violently broken apart. Nowadays, such syncetism persists mainly in certain far-away villages. Amitav Ghosh describes the worship of the guardian spirit Bonbibi in the Sunderbans, by both Hindus and Muslims, but there too, the religious syncretism is breaking down.
There will always be those who say that the bloodshed and betrayal that came later proves that these good relations were really a myth all along. The same is often said about other situations where people of different religious communities coexisted peacefully for a time, from Andalusia to Morocco to Yugoslavia. But one can also see the outbreak of conflict as the aberration, and the periods of quiet as the natural condition. Neither interpretation is completely accurate. It is simply that traditions of tolerance and intercommunal harmony are built gradually and painstakingly, but can then be easily shaken. What humans need to do is find ways of creating bases of reconciliation that are resilient to being undermined by new ideologies or political expediency.
“All of these inequalities associated with caste status have become embedded in all of the leading South Asian American institutions and they extend into American mainstream institutions that have significant South Asian immigrant populations,” it said, noting that such discrimination “has long been overlooked by American institutions”.
I hadn't considered that caste-based discrimination migrates so well to America and elsewhere, but it stands to reason.
Quiet Saturday. Read a bit, watched a couple of videos about Indian politics in The Print, tried to brush up a little on devanagari letters and compounds, went for a walk. Did a couple of hours baby-sitting in the evening while my daughter went to the Mimouna - the Moroccan Jewish post-passover feast that a family in the village puts on each year. Their generosity is amazing, but I avoid such things.
My wife read out to me part of a long article in Ha'Aretz on astrophysics, which speaks about the latest theories that the structure of the universe is a kind of web, in which the galaxies are at the junctions, and that the whole thing resembles the structure of the brain. Well, I think we have always interpreted the cosmos in terms of what we know and, as it were, created god in our own image. From families of gods to Indra's net. The metaphors grow more sophisticated, but they are always limited by our anthropomorphism. At least it is good that we are understanding better that all the dots connect and that nothing can exist or survive independently. I don't know if that will prevent our speciesism or defeat our inherent egoism, but the rationale for caring for each other and the planet can now be induced from what we know about the way the universe is put together, rather than on what priests and imams might tell us, when they are having a good day.
“The hundreds of thousands of New Zealanders based overseas can only look on with longing. Despite efforts to export them around the world, feijoas are only sparsely available in Australia and virtually unheard of elsewhere ” If it's native to S. America, how is it “virtually unheard of” outside NZ? Though I don't remember tasting them (and I screw up my nose also at guavas), we certainly have them here in the Middle East. People plant them in their gardens. (We tried once, but it didn't take off.) And Wikipedia mentions many other places around the world where they are grown. People will write anything.
“Forty years is a long time. I have to say that India is no longer the country of this novel. When I wrote Midnight’s Children I had in mind an arc of history moving from the hope – the bloodied hope, but still the hope – of independence to the betrayal of that hope in the so-called Emergency, followed by the birth of a new hope. India today, to someone of my mind, has entered an even darker phase than the Emergency years. The horrifying escalation of assaults on women, the increasingly authoritarian character of the state, the unjustifiable arrests of people who dare to stand against that authoritarianism, the religious fanaticism, the rewriting of history to fit the narrative of those who want to transform India into a Hindu-nationalist, majoritarian state, and the popularity of the regime in spite of it all, or, worse, perhaps because of it all – these things encourage a kind of despair.
✭Disha Ravi: the climate activist who became the face of India's crackdown on dissent | India | The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/18/disha-ravi-the-climate-activist-who-became-t… "On the streets of Bangalore the protesters gathered, residents standing defiantly alongside students and activists. Their placards bore slogans such as “standing for farmers is not sedition” and “when injustice becomes law, resistance becomes duty” and most held up a photo of a smiling young woman: 22-year-old Disha Ravi."
Politicians everywhere - but especially those in countries with non-existent or less robust democratic traditions - are blaming the real concerns of their citizens on interference from outside actors, and using their influence over their countries' security forces and judiciaries to stifle dissent. Action on behalf of human rights or the environment is seen as sedition or serving outside interests, whereas it is mainly their own narrow political interests that are being threatened. #india
✭India: activist arrested over protest 'toolkit' shared by Greta Thunberg | India | The Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/world/2021/feb/15/india-activist-arrested-over-protest-toolkit… "Disha Ravi charged with sedition, accused editing document on how to support India’s farmers that was tweeted by Swedish climate activist" "Delhi chief minister Arwind Kejriwal, who has backed the farmers’ protests, called Ravi’s arrest “an unprecedented attack on Democracy. Supporting our farmers is not a crime.”" #india
Kennings are poetic compound-words used in old English and Icelandic literature. Thus, a word for the sea (appearing in The Anglo-Saxon poem, The Wanderer) is "whale road". Compound words are a feature of most Indo-European languages. "Himalaya" means literally "abode of snow". The various kinds of compounds (samasa) were carefully catalogued in Sanskrit, from Tatpurusha to Bahuvrihi. When Homer speaks of "the wine dark sea" (οἶνοψ πόντος) this too is a compound or epithet, rather than a metaphor, as the word "sea" does not appear in the original. The words literally mean wine + faced.
Wikipedia has an interesting article on this particular epithet. Apparently the Greeks had a hard time finding words for dark blue, though it may have been that the wine of Homer's era had a bluer colour than today's.
Other ancient peoples may have had similar difficulty with the colour. In Sanskrit, the word krishna can mean either black or dark blue. This is probably why the god Krishna, a dark-skinned Dravidian deity, is often painted with blue skin. The Hebrew word for blue, kahol has the same origin as kohl, the dark eyeliner that is used across Africa and West and Southern Asia, by both men and women. Muhammad used and recommended it, like fierce Pashtun tribesmen today. Kohl can be made from plant or mineral sources, but all of these are black, rather than blue.
The words that are used for kohl in Pakistan and northern India, like kajol, seem to derive from the same Semitic root. As does the English word alcohol which comes to us through Arabic, though it originally meant powder of the mineral antimony.
Another Sanskrit word for blue, "nila", may be cognate with the name the Greeks and Romans gave the Nile river in Egypt. A samasa epithet for the god Siva is "Nilakantha" (Blue Throat) because his neck turned blue when he quaffed the halahala poison. Or maybe just too much alcohol.
It takes a while to absorb new information, as well as to act on conclusions that one comes to. I am wondering about how what I have been writing affects me personally. I'm more certain regarding how it reflects trends taking place in the world. There too, there will be a huge lag before the consciousness of interbeing percolates down through society; and, indeed the sequence of events unfolding in the world may undermine scientific truths. Just as there are still millions of people, and influential politicians, who continue to deny climate change. Large changes, in any case, take decades to unfold, and, in the meantime, we humans leave the scene, while processes continue. No one who has ever lived ever gets to see the fulfillment of the changes that have begun to take place during their lifetime.
Be that as it may, there are still things that I need to decide about my personal philosophical direction, and I will continue to mull these.
A few years ago, I was much less successful in my attempts to use GIMP. Now YouTube has a video on pretty well everything I want to do. Today, I wanted to improve my knowledge of making electronic signatures. I'm usually the one to make these for everybody around here, but I discovered I was doing it wrong, or not in the best possible way. They weren't properly transparent. This had never bothered me before, because in LibreOffice, they don't really need to be transparent. You can just take a jpeg signature, and wrap it "in the background" and the non-transparent white parts will move behind the text. However, the other day, I had to sign a PDF document (actually a picture inside a PDF container) and I noticed that my signature wiped out some of the text. So I thought I'd better learn how to do it better - not just for me, but for all of our signatures (which we keep in a folder on Google Drive).
There were a couple of good YouTube videos on the subject. The best one :
OpenOffice & Gimp Tutorial: Making a Signature With a Transparent Background by Ongytenes on YouTube ) was by a person who calls himself Ongytenes, with a really pleasant, avuncular US southern drawl. I followed all the directions precisely, but there was one step that didn't work for me. The step involves strengthening the signature's colour with the paintbrush set to Overlay mode. That's all very well, but it coloured also the image's transparent alpha channel. I discovered that for this not to happen, you have to "lock" the alpha channel. Perhaps in earlier versions of the GIMP it was locked by default, so Ongytenes didn't mention that.
While D is teaching her mindfulness classes by Zoom, I'm basically shut up in the bedroom, because she gives those two-and-a-half-hour classes in front of the bedroom door. So if I were to wander out, that would create a disturbance. So I have lots of time to learn about GIMP on Friday mornings, and today I was also learning about Zoom. I never need to initiate any Zoom meetings personally, but I do need to be able to help others with that. So today, again via YouTube, I was learning all about proper lighting and presentation skills. A lot of thought has gone into that program. There were so many tips that go way beyond the knowledge and skills that most people have of it. Anyway, I eventually ended up ordering a green screen and stand. Not in order that D. can present herself in front of some Hawaiian beach scene, but in order that she can give her presentations in a better place than in front of our bedroom door, so I won't be a captive while she is doing them.
✭ Iran issues Interpol notice for 48 US officials including Trump | Conflict News | Al Jazeera https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/1/5/iran-issues-interpol-notice-for-48-us-officials-in… "Iranian judiciary spokesman Gholamhossein Esmaili announced during a press conference on Tuesday that Iran has requested the international police organisation to arrest Trump and 47 other American officials identified as playing a role in the assassination of top general Qassem Soleimani last year." #Iran
I wonder if in earlier ages, as many hostile acts were perpetrated, without a full declaration of war, while in the meantime, maintaining the pretense that all countries equally belong to international frameworks like the UN, Interpol, etc., under a sham veneer of civilized international behaviour.
“The [Iranian] cabinet approved the provision of $150,000, or the equivalent in euros... for the families and survivors of each of the victims of the Ukrainian plane crash as soon as possible,” Iran’s presidency said, according to the official IRNA news agency.
“This compensation does not prevent the prosecution of the criminal element of the case before the competent judicial authority,” the statement added.
But Kiev said the compensation amount should be the subject of negotiations, stressing the need for “establishing the causes of the tragedy and bringing those responsible to justice”. #Iran
In so many ways, tiny Israel and humongous India are following a parallel path. Both have right wing governments that are trying to increase the standing of the dominant religion / culture to the detriment of the minority, and in both cases the minority in question is largely Muslim. In both countries, the loyalty of the Muslim minority to the state is doubted, while its allegiance to an outside country or countries is claimed. Arabs in Israel and Muslims in India are regarded more and more as second class citizens. Meanwhile, both countries control territories through a kind of military occupation. Both countries are militarily strong but obsessed with security in response to real and present security threats. While Indian Muslims are not ethnically different from Hindus, having simply undergone religious conversation over the centuries, they are perceived as different. But the same is actually true of Palestinians, whose DNA record closely matches that of Jews.
Arabs in Israel challenged Israel's 2018 "Nation State Law" in Israel's high court. The country doesn't have a constitution, but relies on "Basic Laws" instead. The Basic Laws are mostly from the early days of the state, but this recent one was legislated by right wing politicians and intends to enshrine in law certain principles related to the Jewish character of the state. For example, whereas previously both Hebrew and Arabic were recognized as official languages, after the law, only Hebrew was recognized as "official", whereas Arabic has "special" status. This was objected to by Arab lawmakers and organizations, who finally had their day in court. However the judges, probably wary regarding their mandate of challenging a "basic law" that had been introduced through legislation, didn't take the challenge very seriously and found ways to slither out of doing anything. Samah (from our village) wrote this opinion piece for Haaretz and it appeared in the paper's Hebrew and English editions, though the English translation doesn't seem to be very good. It's interesting that the presiding judge made a reference to the gender equality law, saying that this is even more "basic" than the "nation state" law, and that therefore, when the country gets around to making a constitution, it will have to deal with this and other contradictions. As I mentioned to Samah, years ago, I also used this discrepancy among the arguments I made for conscientious objection. Women had the right to CO status, but men didn't. So there was a contradiction between this law and the law of universal army service for men. (It wasn't my idea, but that of my draft counsellor). Eventually they exempted me, without stating any reason other than a catch-all clause.
Relates to the above issue. Avraham Burg, an important figure (and son of a top National Religious Party politician, has requested the population registry to remove his "Jewish nationality". Judaism is not conceived of just as a religion in Israel, but as a nationality. For example, in my identity card as a permanent resident, it is written that my nationality is "British". If I were a permanent resident but Jewish, it would be written that my nationality is "Jewish". Israel makes a differentiation between "nationality" and "citizenship". There was once someone who appealed to have his nationality inscribed as "Israeli", but he lost the case. Burg, who says that if possessing Jewish nationality (according to the Nation State Law) awards him privileges greater than those of other citizens, then he refuses to be registered as Jewish and wants it scratched from the record.
So many legends and superstitions come together at this time of year, from Santa Claus to Jesus, from good will to false promises. But perhaps the most resilient of them all is the illusion of the orderly measure of time; it's something even hardened atheists seem to cling to. As if there are really beginnings and endings of years, years that are favourable or unfavourable, lean or fat; auspicious or inauspicious. For Christians, the year ends and begins in mid-winter; just as the day ends and begins at midnight. For Jews, the year ends and begins in the fall; just as the day ends and begins at eventide. For Hindus, the year ends and begins in the Spring; just as night ends and day begins at the dawn. I've always thought Hindus have the most sensible approach. Mid-winter, just like midnight, seems a rather arbitrary time for beginnings and endings - as if the week should begin on Wednesday or something. Maybe it should.
In Indian philosophy, the pause between beginnings and endings is the time to watch. It is a feature of the Sanskrit language that the place of transition, the sandhi, where words end and begin, affects the sounds that precede and follow the sandhi. The time just before the day begins is the "hour of God", the Brahmamuhurti; the most auspicious time for meditation. The time between the in- and the out-breath, the kumbhaka, is similarly special in yoga. And at the end of every vast cycle of time comes the pralaya, the time of absorption, out of which enough energy is generated for a new cycle to be born.
Every moment is, or can be, a new beginning. If we are present for it, time can actually mean something.